How to Prevent Background Programs from Starting when Booting Your Computer

Author Scott M on January 25, 2012 | Print | Bookmark
Last updated on April 4, 2012

Document relates to: PCmover, Laplink Gold, PCsync


SUMMARY

Sometimes, programs or utilities which start automatically and run in the background of Windows can adversely affect Laplink operation or Laplink connections. You can use a clean boot to identify such conflicts by preventing such programs from starting automatically.


SOLUTION

NOTE: Clean booting is a troubleshooting tool, not a resolution. When identified, any conflicting programs should be completely uninstalled, or at least disabled whenever you plan to use Laplink. Alternatively, you can resort to the clean boot each time you wish to use Laplink.

To perform the clean boot, follow the steps for your version of Windows:
Windows 95
Windows 98
Windows ME
Windows NT or Windows 2000
Windows XP
Windows Vista or Windows 7

Frequently Asked Questions About Performing a Clean Boot:

QUESTION: 
Is this safe? Will it make permanent changes to my computer?

ANSWER: 
Clean booting is a safe, reversible process, which is also published in the Microsoft Knowledge Base. To undo the clean boot, simply reverse the steps. Additional instructions are provided below as necessary.

QUESTION: 
What can I expect when clean booted? Is it the same as Safe Mode?

ANSWER: 
You can expect the loss of some functionality that was normally provided by background programs (e.g. Anti-Virus, Firewall, Hotsync, Instant Messengers, etc). In most cases, such programs can be launched manually if necessary. Occasionally, your display resolution and color will be degraded, depending on how your video adapter drivers are normally loaded. On the upside, you can expect a faster boot time.

Safe Mode is more thorough than the clean boot. In Safe Mode, all but the essential drivers are disabled, which will prevent Laplink connections.

QUESTION: 
Why are the steps so complicated for Windows 95, Windows NT 4.0 and Windows 2000?

ANSWER: 
These operating systems did not include the MSconfig utility, which greatly simplifies the clean boot process.

QUESTION: 
Clean booting resolved the issue I was experiencing. What next?

ANSWER: 
This means that one or more programs that were previously running in the background were interfering with Laplink. Hunting down the offending application is beyond the scope of Laplink support. The best approach is to use the clean boot steps below in a trial and error process of disabling & re-enabling the programs until you can determine which one is causing the problem. One useful strategy is called ‘half-stepping', where you disable only half of the applications in question, and then try duplicating the problem. Depending on the results, you can switch to the other half of the applications, or further narrow down to half of the first half.


If your computer is running Window 95:

There are several places where programs can be placed to start when a Windows 95 computer starts. Your computer may not need changes in every area.

The Startup Group

  1. Right-click on a blank spot of the desktop and choose New -> Folder.

  2. Type BACKUP and press Enter to name the folder.

  3. Right-click the Windows Start menu and click Open.

  4. Double-click the Programs icon.

  5. Double-click the Startup icon.

  6. If there are icons present, drag and drop each icon into the BACKUP folder created above.
    Emptying the startup folder.   
  7. Close and open windows.
    NOTE: To undo this step, follow steps 1-3, and then drag the icons from the BACKUP folder into the Startup folder. You can delete the BACKUP folder once you have completed troubleshooting.

Legacy DOS Files

  1. From the Windows Start menu, point to Find, and click Files and folders.   

  2. In the Named box, type AUTOEXEC.BAT.   

  3. In the Look in box, choose your C:\ drive.   

  4. Click Find Now.
    Find now.

    NOTE: 
    If you receive a No Results message, click OK and skip to step 7.   

  5. Right-click the file in the Search results window and click Rename.   

  6. Type AUTOEXEC.OLD and press Enter.
    Autoexec.OLD

  7. In the Named box, type CONFIG.SYS.  

  8. In the Look in box, choose your C:\ drive.   

  9. Click Find Now.
    Config.sys

    NOTE: 
    If you receive a No Results message, click OK and skip to the next section (The WIN.INI) file. 

  10. Right-click the file in the Search results window and click Rename.  

  11. Type CONFIG.OLD and press Enter.
    CONFIG.OLD

    NOTE: 
    To undo this steps, use these steps to search for AUTOEXEC.OLD and CONFIG.OLD. Rename the files to AUTOEXEC.BAT and CONFIG.SYS.

The WIN.INI File

  1. From the Windows Start menu, click on Run.

  2. Type SYSEDIT and click OK

  3. From the Window menu, click C:\Windows\Win.ini.
    Win.ini 

  4. Locate the [Windows] section at the top of the file.

  5. Insert a semicolon (;) before the Run= line and the Load= line.
    NOTE: If either line does not exist, skip this step and continue.

    Insert semicolon. 

  6. Close the System Configuration Editor and click Yes when prompted to save.
    NOTE: To undo this, follow the steps above and remove the semicolon (;) from the Run= line and the Load= line. 

The Registry

  1. From the Windows Start menu, click Run.

  2. Type REGEDIT and click OK. THis will launch the Registry Editor.

  3. From the Registry menu, click Export Registry File.
    Export registry. 

  4. In the Save In box, use the down arrow to select Desktop.

  5. In the Export range section, click All.

  6. Enter BACKUP as the name of the file and click Save.
    Save exported registry. 

  7. Click on the + next to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.

  8. Click on the + next to Software.
    +HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE +Software 

  9. Click on the + next to Microsoft.

  10. Click on the + next to Windows.

  11. Click on the + next to CurrentVersion.
    +Microsoft +Windows +CurrentVersion 

  12. Right-click the Run folder and click Delete.
    Delete 

  13. Click Yes when prompted to confirm the delete.

  14. Right-click the Run Services folder and click Delete.
    NOTE: This folder may not be present.

  15. Click Yes when prompted to confirm the delete.

  16. Close Registry Editor.

  17. Reboot your computer.
    NOTE: To undo this this, double-click the BACKUP file on the desktop. This replaces the items removed from the registry. Click Yes when prompted to confirm the replacement. You can delete the BACKUP icon from your desktop if you wish.
    Backup icon 


If your computer is running Windows 98:

  1. From the Windows Start menu, click on Run.

  2. Type MSCONFIG and click OK. This will launch the System Configuration Utility.
    NOTE: If the computer is already in Selective Startup, you will need to click each of the tabs along the top and write down the items that do not have check marks in them so that when you go to return to a "normal" startup, you know which items you want to remain disabled.

  3. Click to select Selective Startup.
  4. MSConfig selective startup


  5. Click to uncheck the boxes for any of these you see listed: Process Config.sys fileProcess Autoexec.bat file, and Load startup group items
    Deselecting items under Selective startup.
  6. Click the Win.ini tab. Click the + next to [windows].

  7. Click to uncheck the Run= and Load= boxes.
  8. Unchecking load= and run=

  9. Click OK and reboot the computer when prompted

  10. Once the computer is started in clean mode, make sure all firewall, anti-virus, and anti-spyware applications have been disabled.


If your computer is running Windows NT or Windows 2000

There are several places where programs can be placed to start when a Windows NT or Windows 2000 computer starts. Your computer may not need changes in every area.

The Startup group

  1. Right-click on a blank spot of the desktop and choose New -> Folder.

  2. Type BACKUP and press Enter to name the folder.

  3. Right-click the Windows Start menu and click Open.
  4. Open

  5. Double-click the Programs icon.

  6. Double-click the Startup icon.

  7. If there are icons present, drag and drop each icon on the BACKUP folder created above.
  8. Drag and drop

  9. Close any open windows.
  10. NOTE: To undo this step, follow Steps 1-3, and then drag the icon(s) from the BACKUP folder into the Startup window. You can delete the BACKUP folder once you have completed troubleshooting.

The All Users Startup Group

  1. Right-click on a blank spot of the desktop and choose New -> Folder.

  2. Type BACKUP-ALL and press Enter to name the folder.

  3. Right-click the Windows Start menu and click Open All Users.
  4. Open all

  5. Double-click the Programs icon.

  6. Double-click the Startup icon.

  7. If there are icons present, drag and drop each icon on the BACKUP-ALL folder created above.
  8. Drag and drop all

  9. Close any open windows.
  10. NOTE: To undo this step, follow Steps 1-3, and then drag the icon from the BACKUP-ALL folder into the Startup window. You can delete the BACKUP-ALL folder once you have completed troubleshooting.

The Registry

  1. From the Windows Start menu, click Run.

  2. Type REGEDIT and click OK. This will launch the Registry Editor.

  3. Click on the + next to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.

  4. Click on the + next to Software.
  5. Registry

  6. Click on the + next to Microsoft.

  7. Click on the + next to Windows.

  8. Click on the + next to CurrentVersion.

  9. Highlight the Run key.

  10. From the Registry menu, click Export Registry File.
  11. Export

  12. In the Save In box, use the down arrow to click Desktop.

  13. In the Export range section, click Selected Branch. Be sure that the path shown is for the Run key.

  14. Enter any easy-to-remember name for the backup file and click Save.
  15. Save

  16. Right-click the Run key and click Delete.
  17. Delete

  18. Click Yes when prompted to confirm the delete.

  19. Highlight the Run Services key (if present).

  20. Export and save the Run Services key (if present) as explained above, using a different name.

  21. Right-click the Run Services key (if present) and click Delete.

  22. Click Yes when prompted to confirm the delete.

  23. Click on each of the - signs to collapse the open keys and return to the top of the Registry Editor window.

  24. Repeat the steps above for the HKEY_Current_USER hive as well.

  25. Close Registry Editor.

  26. Reboot your computer.
  27. NOTE: To undo this step, double-click the newly saved backup file on the desktop. (These files have the extension .REG.) This instantly replaces the items removed from the registry. Click Yes when prompted to confirm the replacement. You can then safely delete the backup file from your desktop if you wish.
    Icon

  28. Once the computer is started in clean mode, make sure all firewall, anti-virus, and anti-spyware applications have been disabled.


If your computer is running Windows ME

  1. From the Windows Start menu, click on Run.

  2. Type MSCONFIG and click OK. This will launch the System Configuration Utility.
    NOTE: If the computer is already in Selective Startup, you will need to click each of the tabs along the top and write down the items that do not have check marks in them so that when you go to return to a "normal" startup, you know which items you want to remain disabled.

  3. Click to select Selective Startup.
  4. MSCONFIG ME

  5. Click to uncheck the Load Startup Group items
    Uncheck Load startup

  6. Click the Win.ini tab. Click the + next to [windows].

  7. Click to uncheck the Run= and Load= boxes.
  8. Run= Load=

  9. Click OK and reboot the computer when prompted.

  10. Once the computer is started in clean mode, make sure all firewall, anti-virus, and anti-spyware applications have been disabled.


If your computer is running Windows XP

  1. From the Windows Start menu, click on Run.

  2. Type MSCONFIG and click OK. This will launch the System Configuration Utility.
    NOTE: If the computer is already in Selective Startup, you will need to click each of the tabs along the top and write down the items that do not have check marks on them so that when you go to return to a "normal" startup, you know which items you want to remain disabled.

  3. Click to select Selective Startup.
    Selective Startup 

  4. Click to uncheck the boxes for Process SYSTEM.INI File, Process WIN.INI File, and Load Startup Items.
    NOTE: You will not be able to clear the Use Original BOOT.INI check box.
    Unchecking stuff

  5. Click OK and reboot the computer when prompted.
    NOTE: Upon reboot, you will be notified that you have used the 'System Configuration Utility'. When it presents itself again, choose cancel.

  6. Once the computer is started in clean mode, make sure all firewalls, anti-virus and anti-spyware applications have been disabled.


If your computer is running Windows Vista or Windows 7

  1. From the Windows Start menu, click Run.
    NOTE: If the Run entry does not show up on your Windows Start menu, hold down the Windows key (located between the CTRL and ALT keys on bottom left of keyboard) and press R to bring up the run line.

  2. Type MSCONFIG and click OK. This will launch the System Configuration Utility. 
    NOTE: If the computer is already in Selective Startup, you will need to click each of the tabs along the top and write down the items that do not have check marks on them so that when you go to return to a "normal" startup, you know which items you want to remain disabled.  

  3. Click to select Selective Startup.
    System Configuration 

  4. Click to uncheck the Load Startup Items checkbox.
    Load Startup Items 

  5. Click OK and reboot the computer when prompted.
    NOTE: Upon reboot, you will be notified that you have used the 'System Configuration Utility'. When it presents itself again, choose cancel.

  6. Once the computer is started in clean mode, make sure all firewalls, anti-virus and anti-spyware applications have been disabled.


This Article can be found by searching for:

Keywords: Errors: Freeze, Install: First launch, Install: Errors, Cable: USB, Cable: Ethernet, Connections: Internet, Connections: Network, Connections: Disconnect, Error Messages: Launch, How To: Windows

Platforms: Win95, Win98/SE, WinNT, WinMe, Win2k, WinXP, WinVista, Win7

Article#: 252

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Category: PCmover, Laplink Gold, PCsync, Other

Last updated on April 4, 2012 with 4293 views


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